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Calculating your BMI was the first step to understanding your body better.

The BMI is an easily understandable value, but it has limitations!

"A Body Shape Index" offers a more nuanced approach by focusing on central obesity, linked to increased health risks such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

A Body Shape Index

Understanding Body Mass Index (BMI)

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a widely recognized method for assessing an individual's body weight in relation to their height. It offers a quick insight into whether a person falls under the categories of underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Here's a detailed explanation:

BMI Categories:

  • Underweight: BMI less than 18.5
  • Normal weight: BMI between 18.5 and 24.9
  • Overweight: BMI between 25 and 29.9
  • Obese: BMI of 30 or greater



Individuals with a BMI below 18.5 are considered underweight. Possible health risks include nutritional deficiencies and a weakened immune system.

Normal Weight:

A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered normal. Individuals in this range generally have a lower risk of weight-related health issues.


A BMI between 25 and 29.9 is categorized as overweight. Health risks may include high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes.


Individuals with a BMI of 30 or higher fall into the obese category. Increased risk of severe health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, and certain cancers.

Limitations of BMI:

While BMI is a useful screening tool, it has some limitations:

  • Doesn't Distinguish Between Muscle and Fat: BMI does not differentiate between muscle and fat. Athletes with high muscle mass may have a higher BMI without having excess body fat.
  • Doesn't Consider Body Composition: It doesn't account for variations in body composition. Two individuals with the same BMI may have different amounts of body fat.
  • Not Suitable for Everyone: BMI may not be suitable for specific populations, such as athletes, pregnant women, and older adults.

Practical Application:

BMI is commonly used in healthcare settings to screen for potential weight-related health risks. However, for a more comprehensive assessment, healthcare professionals may consider additional factors like waist circumference, body fat percentage, and an individual's overall health.

Remember: BMI is an initial assessment tool. For personalized health advice and treatment, consult a healthcare provider.